Concrete building in marine environment has a long tradition that goes back to ancient rome.
In modern times floating concrete shell structures has been used for industrial purpose on a large scale in the oil and gas industry.
The advantage of floating concrete shell structures over steel is the by far better maintenance free service life of the structures that is estimated in some 200 years.
Many spectacular concrete shell structures like TROLL A - in use for over 30 years in marine environment are in excellent shape, and perform outstanding.
There has been experiments to use concrete shell building in shipbuilding. Although concrete ships performed well, a concrete ship will not fit well into the existing (steel oriented) ship support infrastructure so concrete as a building material has been limited to special segments.
Industry platforms is one of them, submarine applications and seasteading will be others.
- Concrete Canvas (UK)
- Concrete Cloth (USA)
- Types of Cement and uses
- Reinforced Concrete
- Chemical Admixtures for Concrete
- ALTERNATIVE CEMENTS FOR DURABLE CONCRETE IN OFFSHORE ENVIRONMENTS Philip S. Zacarias
- Durability of marine concrete structures – field investigations and modelling Rob B. Polder
- Durability of concrete in saline environment Sandberg, Paul
- Influence of the Marine Environment on Reinforced Concrete Degradation Depending on Exposure Conditions M. Sosa1 , T. Pérez-López1,*, J. Reyes1 , F. Corvo1 , R. Camacho-Chab2 , P. Quintana3 , D. Aguilar3
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